Article I. Incorporation, Form Of Government, And General Powers  


ARTICLE I. INCORPORATION, FORM OF GOVERNMENT, AND GENERAL POWERS

Section 1. Incorporation. The inhabitants of the City of Galveston, in Galveston County, Texas, within the corporate limits as now established and as hereafter extended, shall continue to be and are hereby constituted a municipal body politic and corporate, in perpetuity, under the name of "CITY OF GALVESTON", hereinafter referred to as the "City", and having such powers, privileges, rights, duties and immunities as are herein provided.

Section 2. Corporate Limits and Jurisdiction. The corporate limits of the City, and the authority and jurisdiction of the City, shall include and extend over all areas of land and water as set forth and described in the Act of the 28th Legislature of the State of Texas, granting a charter to this City (Special Laws, 28th Legislature, chapter 37), and over such other areas of land and water as have been added thereto by ordinance of this City heretofore enacted.

(Ord. No. 96-59, § 4, 6-16-96)

(Ord. No. 96-59, § 4, 6-16-96)

(Ord. No. 96-59, § 4, 6-16-96)

(Ord. No. 96-59, § 4, 6-16-96)

(Ord. No. 96-59, § 4, 6-16-96)

(Ord. No. 96-59, § 4, 6-16-96)

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By subsequent annexation virtually all of Galveston Island which was unincorporated has been annexed into the city.

The city has annexed virtually all of the unincorporated areas of Galveston Island.

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Boundary map, Vernon's Ann. Civ. St. art. 971a.

The Municipal Government provided by this Charter shall be, and shall be known as, "Council-Manager Government." Pursuant to the provisions of, and subject only to the limitations imposed by, the State Constitution, the State Laws, and this Charter, all powers of the city shall be vested in an elective Council, hereinafter referred to as the "Council", which shall enact legislation, adopt budgets, determine policies, and appoint the City Manager who shall execute the laws and administer the Government of the City.

For authority of home-rule city to create a commission or other form of government, Vernon's Ann. Civ. St. art. 1175.

The City is and shall continue to be a Home Rule City, with full power of local self-government, including the right to amend this Charter, as provided by the Constitution and laws of this State. It shall have all the powers granted to cities by the Constitution and laws of the State of Texas, together with all the implied powers necessary to carry into execution such granted powers. It may use a corporate seal; may sue and be sued; may contract and be contracted with; may cooperate with the government of the State of Texas or any agency or political subdivision thereof, or with the Federal government or any agency thereof, to accomplish any lawful purpose for the advancement of the interest, welfare, health, morals, comfort, safety, and convenience of the City and its inhabitants; may acquire property within or without it corporate limits for any municipal purposes in fee simple, or in any lesser interest or estate, by purchase, gift, devise, lease or condemnation, and subject to the provisions of this Charter, may sell, lease, mortgage, hold, manage, and control such property as may now or hereafter be owned by it; may pass ordinances and enact such regulations as may be expedient for the maintenance of the good government, order, and peace of the City, and the welfare, health, morals, comfort, safety and convenience of its inhabitants; and shall have and may exercise all municipal powers, functions, rights, privileges and immunities of every kind and nature whatsoever, subject only to the limitations imposed by the State Constitution, the State Laws, and this Charter. The enumeration of particular powers by this Charter shall not be deemed to be exclusive and, in addition to the powers enumerated or implied herein, it is intended that the City shall have and may exercise all powers that, under the Constitution and Laws of this State, it would be competent for this Charter specifically to enumerate.

Enumerated powers of home rule cities, Vernon's Ann. Civ. St. art. 1175.

The City shall have exclusive dominion, control and jurisdiction in, upon, over and under the public streets, sidewalks, alleys, highways, public squares and public ways within the corporate limits of the City, and in, upon, over and under all public property of the City. With respect to each and every public street, sidewalk, alley, highway, public square, public park, or other public way within the corporate limits of the City, the City shall have the power to establish, maintain, improve, alter, abandon or vacate the same; to regulate, establish, or change the grade thereof; to control and regulate the use thereof; and to abate and remove in a summary manner any encroachment thereon.

The Council may by ordinance annex additional territory lying adjacent to the City, with or without the consent of those inhabiting the territory annexed, and the corporate limits of the City shall thereupon include such additional territory.

Annexation, Vernon's Ann. Civ. Stat. art. 1182a.